Thursday, 10 November 2011 10:36

South central Kerala

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Kottayam

Kottayam is spread over an area of 55.40 km2. It is the administrative capital of the Kottayam district. Kottayam is located in south-central Kerala and is approximately 150 km (93.2 mi) from the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The town is an important trading center of spices and commercial crops, especially rubber. Also a pioneering center of modern education in Kerala, the city became India's first municipality to achieve 100% literacy.

Aruvikkuzhi Waterfalls, (18 km from Kottayam town, near Pallikathodu)

Elaveezha Poonchira (Valley where leaves do not fall), (Near Melukavu Mattom, 60 km from Kottayam). A hill station with large hills around 3200 ft heigh. Beautiful hillocks named Mankunnu, Kudayathoormala, Thonippara and Poonchira are located here. Erumely.Important pilgrimage centre for Hindus and Muslims.

Kumarakom, (14 km west of Kottayam, in Kuttanad). The place is famous for its bird sanctuary; house boats, backwaters, canals and the bungalow of Henry Baker (now run as part of a resort managed by the Taj group of hotels).

Pathiramanal (Midnight sands),(In the middle of the Vembanad Lake). This is a small white sand island. It gets its name from the brilliant reflection of moonlight from the sand.

Poonjar Palace,(In Meenachil taluk). The Palace of Poonjar Royal family, one of major principalities of Travancore Kingdom, was home of one of Kerala's famous prince, Prince G.V Raja. This building is famous for its collection of antiques, exquisite furniture, chandeliers, palm leaf engravings, jewel boxes, a variety of lamps, statues and weapons.

Vembanad Lake. 83.72 km length and 14.48 km width. Cruise boats, house boats and traditional cargo boats.


Pathanamthitta

Pathanamthitta is a large town and a municipality situated in the central Travancore region in the state of Kerala, south India, spread over an area of 23.50 km2. It is the administrative capital of Pathanamthitta district. The city has a population of 38,000. The Hindu pilgrim centre of Sabarimala is situated in the Pathanamthitta district; as the main transport hub to Sabarimala, the town is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta is a fast-developing city and business center.

The Perunthenaruvi waterfalls, via Vachoochira on the banks of the Pamba River are a favourite picnic spot for both domestic and foreign tourists.

Charalkunnu: This picturesque hill station offers a panoramic view of the nearby valleys. A camp house on the hill provides comfortable lodging.

Kakki Reservoir: Tigers, elephants and monkeys can be sighted in the forest surrounding the reservoir.

Maniyar: This is a beautiful dam site. Seethathode: The Kerala State Electricity Board has a power generating station here. Moozhiyar (57 km from Pathanamthitta): This is an enchanting dam site.

Konni is famous for timber trade and wild elephant training centre.This is a charming town with lush meadows and hills stands on the bank of river Achakovil. It is surrounded by clove and pepper plantations. Elephants trapped from the forest area are also tamed here.

Pamba: This is the main halting point on the way to Sabarimala. It is also known as Thriveni Sangamam - the meeting point of three rivers.


Idukki

This beautiful High range district of Kerala is geographically known for its Mountainous Hills and Dense Forests. For the people of Kerala, Idukki is always associated with Power Generation. About 66% of the State's Power needs come from the Hydroelectric Power Projects in Idukki. Idukki accounts for 12.9 percent of the area of Kerala and only 3.7 percent of the population of Kerala.

Thodupuzha is a town and a municipality in central Kerala, southeast of Muvattupuzha and 62 km from Ernakulam, The geographical classification of Thodupuzha Region is Midland or Idanad.

Adimali is the second largest town in idukki district.adimali is located on National Highway 49 connecting Kochi and Madurai, Tamil Nadu. The Cheeyappara and Valara waterfalls are located nearby. Ponmudi Dam, which is constructed across the Panniar River, is about 15 km from Adimali, on the way to Rajakkad.

Kattappana is a town situated in the Highrange, the high altitude region of the Idukki district, at an elevation of 810 metres. It is the largest town in the Highrange and houses most of the educational institutions and hospitals

Nedumkandam, known as the capital of High Ranges, is the major town in Udumbanchola taluk. Here cardamom, pepper and coffee are the major crops. Besides these a wide variety of other cash crops is also being cultivated.

Thekkady is the location of the Periyar National Park, which is spread over an area of about 777 km² and comprises a thick evergreen forest with exotic wild life. The sanctuary was declared a tiger reserve sometime in 1978. It has an artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam, built in 1895 across the Periyar River.

Mangala Devi Temple: It is situated about 15 km from Thekkady and sits at an altitude of 1337 m above sea level.

Munnar is one of the most popular hill stations in Kerala and in southern India. Munnar is located on the Western Ghats, situated in the Idukki district.

Anamudi Peak: Situated about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Munnar town, Anamudi (2,695 metres (8,842 ft)) is Kerala's highest mountain and the highest Indian mountain south of the Himalayan range. Treks to the peak are allowed with permission from Forest and Wildlife authorities at Eravikulam.

Mattupetty Dam reservoir, near Munnar located about 13 km from Munnar Town, is Mattupetty. Lying at a height of 1700 m above sea level, Mattupetty is known for its storage masonry dam and the lake, which offers boat rides, enabling one to enjoy the surrounding hills and landscape.

Top Station, which is about 27 km from Munnar is at a height of 1900 m above sea level. Travelers to Munnar make it a point to visit Top Station to enjoy the panoramic view it offers of the neighboring state of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the spots in Munnar to enjoy the Neelakurunji flowers blooming over a vast area.

Rajamala is a wildlife sanctuary located about 15 km from Munnar. It is the natural habitat of Nilgiri Tahr, a rare Mountain goat. Half the world population of this rare species is concentrated in this region. The animal is fast becoming extinct.

Devikulam is a small hill station about 16 km from Munnar in the Idukki District of the southern state of Kerala in India. It is 1800 m above sea level.

Vagamon is a hill station located in Kottayam-Idukki border of Idukki district of Kerala, India. It has a cool climate with the temperature between 10-23°C during summer midday. It is situated 1,100 metre above sea level.

Read 17851 times Last modified on Monday, 05 December 2011 07:45

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